Ovarian cyst is a fluid filled sac, surrounded by a very thin wall, within an ovary. Most (about95%) are harmless and occurs during the reproductive years at any age.
Ovarian cyst size varies from small 2-3 cm like almond to big as watermelon
Types of ovarian cysts
Ovarian cyst symptoms
Diagnosis of ovarian cysts
Ovarian cyst treatment
Ovarian cyst treatment depends on the type of the cyst, age of the patient, she has completed her family or not, size of the cyst and symptoms.
Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy
In this cyst can be removed through small incision. Even large cysts can also be removed by this depending on the type of the cyst. In most of the patients will be discharges on the same day. This type of the surgery does not usually affect a women fertility and recovery time is much faster.
Here big cut is made on the abdomen and recommended if the cyst is cancerous. A longer cut is made giving the surgeon better access to the cyst. Cysts are removed and sent to the lab.
An ovarian cyst often causes no problems, but sometimes it can lead to complications.
Ovarian cysts during pregnancy
Ovarian cysts occasionally develop during pregnancy. In most cases, they are simple cyst and does not need intervention. Surgery may be indicated if there is torsion, rupture, if suspicious of cancer or if the size of the cyst is likely to present problems with the pregnancy.
Can Surgery Be Performed On Pregnant Women?
The risks of surgery and having anesthesia are higher for pregnant women, surgery is only usually performed when the cyst has grown huge which is causing symptoms like pain, for torsion or if any suspicious of malignancy. The procedure can be carried out by laparoscopy and ideally should be done in the second trimester of pregnancy. When the pregnancy is advanced, we will not have much space to perform laparoscopically. There is slightly increased risk of bleeding, abortion and anesthesia in first three months of pregnancy.