Laparoscopic surgery helps in diagnosing a cause for infertility. Usually, it’s performed only after other infertility testing has been completed and initial treatment methods for infertility has failed, Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy helps in knowing the causes and treat uterus and ovary related cause of infertility.
Female infertility – accounts for 35-40 per cent of all fertility problems, probable causes can be
Ovulatory cause-Any condition (usually hormonal) that prevents the release of a mature egg from an ovary. Common one is polycystic ovaries-Patients whose ovaries contain many small cysts, have hormone imbalances and do not ovulate regularly. Laparoscopy helps to puncture ovarian cysts.
Endometriosis- Condition, in which endometrial tissue (the uterine lining that sheds with each monthly period) grows outside the uterus, is a major cause of infertility in women. Laparoscopy
helps for removal of ovarian cysts and endometriomas with reconstruction of the ovary to a fully functional state.
Female tubal blockage-Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes prevent eggs from getting to the uterus and sperm from getting to the egg. Leading cause is pelvic infection. Laparoscopy helps to evaluate the tubes for patency and ovaries and also removal of scar tissue around the tubes and ovaries and opening blocked tubes (tuboplasty).
Uterine anomaly- Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy helps in diagnosis and treating many uterine anomalies which are causing infertility.