Endometriosis is a disorder in which cells that normally lines the inside the uterus the endometrium grows outside your uterus. It is common in reproductive age 25-35 years. It most commonly involves ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Sometimes endometrial tissue may spread beyond pelvic organs.
When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas or chocolate cyst because it is chocolate color. When it forms in the uterine musculature it is called adenomyosis, when it forms on previous scar called scar endometriosis.
Symptoms of endometriosis
Although the exact cause of endometriosis is not certain, many possibilities are suspected
Several factors place you at greater risk of developing endometriosis, such as:
Recommendation is conservative approaches first, opting for surgery as a last resort. Treatment options are with medications or surgery depend on the severity of your signs and symptoms and weather planning for conception. Options are
If patients are young and planning for conception, surgery to remove as much endometriosis may increase your chances of success done with laparoscopy (keyhole surgery)
Assisted reproductive technologies
Assisted reproductive technologies, if conservative surgery doesn’t work.
In severe cases of endometriosis with severe symptoms who has already completed the family, failed other methods of treatment, surgery to remove the uterus as well as both ovaries is the best treatment.
Because the cause of endometriosis is poorly understood, there are no known ways to prevent its development.
Recurrence of endometriosis
Recurrence rate varies with the severity of endometriosis, methods of surgery, skills of the surgeons who performed the surgery, weather post-operative suppressive therapy given or not to
eliminate residual endometriotic cells. The most recent studies have shown that endometriosis recurs at a rate of 20% to 40% within five years following conservative surgery.